Monthly Archives: August 2013


In order to ensure interoperability from a Standards perspective the STA makes use of standards and specifications published by Organizations for Standards bodies such as CEN and ISO; and other memberhsip bodies such as GSMA, the NFC Forum, etc.

This document contains details of the reference documentation used in STA published documents. It is sub-divided by organisation. Note that no particular relevance should be ascribed to the other in which the various bodies appear; each is equally relevant in its own way to the work of STA.

Most STA-Documents contain a section on “Normative References” and the latest verions of the references are all included in this STA References Document.

Specific references will continue to be included in STA documents, particularly where the references are dated and have specific relevance to the document they are referenced by. These references may be “cross checked” with the STA References Document to establish their currency. In other cases where the reference is effectively to the “latest version” of the standard or specification, STA documentation may index to this document.

Note: National Standards and Specifications are not considered here, except where they have been translated into other languages by other national standards bodies and hence have a clearly international dimension. Normally however national standards are the subject of use in specific countries. Often National Standards are National implementations of standards published by international Standards Bodies, such as CEN or ISO.

Discover the full document here (The document has been updated in October 2017)

IFM Project Introduction


Funded by the European Commission under the 7th Community Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development.

The project is funded by DG INFSO under the IST Programme: ICT for Transport.

links back to the different parts of the IFM-Project:

  • introduction (this)
  • vision, drivers and aims
  • work packages
  • conclusions
  • deliverables


Here we will report on projects which are relevant to Smart Ticketing.


Here we will report on relevant existing standards and the ones that are being developed.

These Specifications cover all aspects for smartcard use.

ISO TC204-WG8 has gathered them into a technical report ISO 24014-3.

  • Radio Frequencies (RF) ISO 14443
  • Architecture: EN ISO 24014-1 (IFM)
  • Data Elements: EN 1545
  • Applications: EN 15320 (IOPTA)
  • Data Commands Global Platform
  • Operating Systems Java, Android etc
  • Filing Structures in smartcard ISO 7816
  • Security Algorithms Global Platform (i.e 3DES, AES, RSA)
  • Card Security Common Criteria



UITP is the secretariat of the Smart Ticketing Alliance. For general questions please contact us:

For other contacts see the Membership sections.

Certification working group


STA considers it is essential that public authorities and users can be confident in the quality of contactless communication between contactless readers and fare media. Certification is the appropriate means to give trust. The STA certification program established by STA consists of a Group of Certification Bodies (STA GCB) bringing together certification bodies authorized to certify compliance of transportation and acceptance media with the CEN technical specification TS 16794 about contactless communication. Extension of the certification scope to ohter technical fields, such as the application layer, may be decided later.


The objective of the STA Group of Certification Bodies is to establish a common approach to conformity certification andt he technical equivalence of certification carried out by the STA Group of Certification Bodies’ members. The members will work collectively to achieve these aims but remain independent certification bodies being reponsible for their own decisions and for the control of their different certification marks. The STA Group of Certification Bodies (STA GCB) works as a platform to ease mutual recognition between the member certification bodies (and the testing laboratories for product testing) and to limit the costs of those agreements. A primary goal of the STA GCB is to ensure that the certification bodies and the associated testing laboratories operate on a common basis.


The main principles of the STA certification program are the following:

  • a Group of Certification Bodies (GCB) gathers Certification Bodies (CB) authorized to certify compliance with CEN TS 16794;
  • Membership of GCB is open to two categories of CB:

1. a CB accredited according to ISO/IEC 17065 against CEN TS 16794 can be a member of the GCB; 2. a CB complying with a subset of ISO/IEC 17065 can be member of the GCB; it has to submit to an audit.

  • Certificates delivered by an ISO/IEC 17065 accredited CB are recognized throughout the EU.


A set of documents gives the framework for this certification program. The Terms of Reference, prepared by the STA CWG and approved by the STA board, defines the Group of Certification Bodies (GCB) and organizes the community of STA CBs. This document indicates:

  • the conditions for memberhip for the CB;
  • the governance: Board of Management (its initial and current composition);
  • the technical structure: CWF and audit manager;
  • the CB approval process

The other documents, elaborated and approved by the CWG, are:

The laboratories associated with a CB run “round robin tests” using reference devices and media in order to check that tests realized on the same products by each laboratory lead to similar results thus ensuring consistency across the network of test labs.

Please see here the General Overview

STA workshop Thursday 27th of October 2016

New era of e- ticketing – how to handle the transition?

Organised by: The Smart Ticketing Alliance, supported by UITP
Venue: UITP Headquarters Rue Sainte-Marie 6, Brussels

■ context

The Smart Ticketing Alliance is working closely with local, national and global bodies to develop the necessary policies, specifications and trust schemes to deliver ticketing interoperability across Europe and beyond. Smart Ticketing is part of the wider process of encouraging the use of seamless mobility on public transport when making “door-to-door” journeys. Smart Ticketing is intimately linked to journey planning, payment and real-time information.

The NFC-enabled mobile phone or device provides a unique new opportunity to service the customer. The Smart Ticketing Alliance is working closely with the Mobile Networks Operators Association (GSMA), the NFC Forum and handset specification and testing bodies to ensure these devices provide an opportunity to and support public transport mobility.

Major savings in the cost of operating smart schemes are expected to come through access to open standards. The Smart Ticketing Alliance is committed to ensuring standards and specifications used are open and freely available for all operators to use.

The Smart Ticketing Alliance was founded in 2015 by the national smart ticketing schemes of UK (ITSO), Germany (VdV e-Ticket Service Gmbh), Calypso Networks Association and AFIMB (L’Agence Française pour l’Information Multimodale et la Billettique). Welcome to this one-day workshop in Brussels!

John Verity
Chair, Smart Ticketing Alliance

Programme Thursday 27th of October
STA Workshop – Brussels

09:30-10:00 Registration and Coffee

10:00 Welcome – Introduction to the Workshop
Alain Flausch General Secretary, UITP
John Verity Chair Smart Ticketing Alliance

10:20 How far apart are the current NFC standards on Smartphones and PT validators?
John Verity Chair Smart Ticketing Alliance

10:40 What will it take to make NFC on smartphones work with PT validators?
The approach of three main NFC projects in Europe.

Optimos in Germany
Cord Bartels Optimos project

Wizway in France
Louis Brosse CEO Wizway

OV-chipkaart going mobile
Stefan van Someren Innovation Architect, Translink

11:20 Discussion on open questions on NFC. Q & A
Cross border travel with NFC phones?
NFC solutions with embedded secure elements?

12:00 Lunch

13:00 Certifying ticket equipment and ticket media for interoperability
The STA has established a certification scheme based on a group of several accredited certification bodies. Learn how your equipment can be certified.

STA certification process
Bernard Schwob STA certification working group chairman

CNA-PayCert, operational certification body since July 2016
Ludovic Verecque General manager, PayCert

Certification by VDV ETS
Sjef Janssen General manager, VDV ETS

Discussion Q & A

14:30 The door-to -door approach and its technical needs
Door-to-door project CTO
David Assouline Digital Officer, SNCF

Discussion Q & A

15:00 Coffee break

15:20 Open interfaces in ticketing and information
The Shift2Rail project aims at showcasing the future solution for reservation, booking, ticketing, payment and travel information for rail and PT; the IT2Railproject is a first step relying on open interfaces.
Laurent Laudinet System & software Architect Thales TCS/RCS

Discussion on open interfaces

16:00 Conclusion – final remarks

16:20 Networking

17:00 End of the meeting

Jarl Eliassen,
Jopine Martin,
Should you wish to get a copy of the presentations, please send an email to
Thank you.

The Smart Ticketing Alliance is organised as an international non-profit association. Its founding members are ITSO, VDV-ETS, CNA and AFIMB. For more information: