Monthly Archives: August 2013

Founding Members

Background and contact information on the founders of the Smart Ticketing Alliance.

ITSO Ltd.

itso

ITSO is the non-profit distributing organization that oversees the ITSO Specification for smart ticketing in the UK. ITSO helps its members to set up and run ITSO-compliant smart ticketing schemes, tests and certifies smart ticketing equipment to ensure it meets the ITSO standards and ensures the ITSO Specification is up to date and fit for purpose. ITSO operates the ITSO Security Management System (ISMS), a highly secure key management and distribution system specifically developed to enable ITSO-compliant smart ticketing systems to be set up.

Sheila MacDonald – sheila.macdonald@itso.org.uk
John Verity – john.verity@itso.org.uk
ITSO website

VDV-KA-KG

eTicket_Service_Logo_RGB

VDV-KA is the open and secure German standard for electronic fare management systems (EFM) which enables the passenger to move freely and easily between the public transport companies without having to deal with the different tariff zones and ticket machines (interoperability). It provides an open platform which not only allows transport operators to integrate their back office systems as well as those of multimodal and multifunctional partners. The VDV-KA-KG regulates the cooperation of the various stakeholders in EFM systems at an organisational level. (((eTicket Germany is the brand name of the VDV-KA.

Sjef Janssen – janssen@vdv.de
VDV-KA website

CNACalypso

 

Calypso Networks Association (CNA) gathers operators, authorities & suppliers implementing Calypso. Calypso technology is an open specification issued from an EU project to assure a high security level for contactless transactions and to provide technical interoperability between networks assuring multi-services providers environment. The main tasks of CNA are to define and direct the reference specifications, a certification policy and to contribute to the international standardisation process.

Ralph Gambetta – wg3leader@calypsonet-asso.org
CNA website

&nbspAFIMB

AFIMB

 

The French agency for multimodal information and smart-ticketing (AFIMB – Agence Française de l’Information Multimodale et de la Billettique) is linked with the Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy. Its steering committee gathers representatives of transport authorities, users, transport operators and relevant public administrations The agency aims at promoting interoperability in the areas of multimodal information and smart-ticketing and supports standardisation.

Bernard Schwob – bernard.schwob@developpementdurable.gouv.fr
Françoise Duhont – francoise.duhont@developpement-durable.gouv.fr
AFIMB website

UITP

UITP_With_baseline_Vertical_RGB

UITP (International Association of Public Transport) is a passionate champion of sustainable urban mobility and is the only worldwide network to bring together all public transport stakeholders and all sustainable transport modes. We have 1,400 member companies giving access to over 18,000 contact from 96 countries. Our members are public transport authorities and operators, policy decision-makers, research institutes and the public transport supply and service industry.

UITP is one of the founding fathers of the Smart Ticketing Alliance initiating the IFM project which later led to the setup of the STA. UITP is now in charge of the Secretariat of the Smart Ticketing Alliance.

Jarl Eliassen, Expert
secretary@smart-ticketing.org
UITP website

Full members

Full Membership of the STA has been granted to:

  • ITSO Ltd. UK
  • VDV eTicket Service GmbH & Co. KG, Germany
  • Calypso Networks Association, Belgium
  • AFIMB, France
  • BMC Belgian Mobility Card
  • ATM Area de Barcelona

Associated members

Associated Membership of the STA has been granted to:

  • Kapsch PublicTransportCom
  • highQ Computerlösungen GmbH
  • Wizway Solutions

IFM Project vision, drivers, aims

Drivers towards Public Transport:

  • Social inclusion
  • Mobility
  • Harmonisation
  • Procurement
  • Scale economics
  • support for the Green Agenda by removing barriers to modal switching

EU-IFM needs to support interoperability at three levels:

  • Local Schemes
  • National Schemes
  • International Schemes

The main National IFM organisations have a shared vision:

  • Create an EU-IFM network to provide direction, co-ordination, networking of Best Practice,
  • Implementation planning of a pan-European IFM initiative
  • Promote the use of multi-application smart media including NFC; and the Security and Certification of devices
  • Payment mechanism no longer a barrier to travel Initial funding from European Commission

Aim is to ensure cross-border interoperability of Transport Smartcards is enabled across Europe by developing a Road Map towards a Europe-wide concept where:

  • Customers use their chosen smart media (such as NFC smartphone) outside their home network
  • Transport authorities have the tool-set to build new systems using standardised Specifications
  • Deliver the associated Security Environment
  • Charter a way through Privacy Issues

European IFM Deliverables

  • Common Model for IFM across EU
  • Open architecture
  • Commercial framework between members
  • Security Environment with a Trust Model and set of IFM Rules
  • Privacy Charter

Any national IFM compliant media (contactless smart card or other) can be used in any participating sales location to “load” products available from that sales location, for use in the product’s (product owner’s) acceptance network.

  • Transparency for the user
  • Users can use their “media” anywhere in the environment

IFM Project Work Packages

  1. Trust Management
  2. Privacy
  3. Applications and Interoperable Media
  4. IFM Organisational Structures
  5. Back Office Systems

IFM Project conclusions

IMG_8125-100hRoutes to European IFM Interoperability

  • Track 1 (Priority Lane) Interoperability through common multi-application processes and a Common Portal
  • Track 2 (Long Haul) Common EU-IFM Application and Templates

EU-IFM Priority Lane Deliverables

  • Greater Awareness of benefits of smartcard solutions for mobility to both Customers and Transport Operators
  • Widest possible range of Media leading to cost benefits
  • Access over-the-internet and over-the-air
  • Transportability and Interoperability of Media between schemes
  • Respect of Privacy across schemes
  • Enhancement of Security and minimisation of Fraud
  • Consensus on value of cooperation
  • Dissemination of knowledge of how to set up a scheme
  • Promotion of Best Practice to spread excellence
  • Facilitation of Back Office communication … demonstrating material benefits to Customer, the Green Agenda, Mobility and Social Inclusion

EU-IFM Long Haul Vision

  • Seamless accessibility to different Public Transport Networks using the same Portable Media
  • Smartcards will have migrated to a Secure Element on a Portable Object (Mobile Phone, PDA, USB device etc)
  • Individual IFM Transport Applications can co-reside in a multi-application environment
  • An EU-IFM Transport Application usable across many Networks
  • Payment processes are no longer a barrier to the use of Public Transport across EU

The NFC Offer for Transport

  • NFC offers a unique opportunity to engage travellers.
  • Minimum Specification and Composite Certification
  • Trusted Service Provision
  • Seamless links between Journey Planning, Ticket Selection and access to multiple Public Transport Networks across borders

Issues raised

  • Co-ordination between Pilots
  • Early Adoption to avoid wasteful expenditure
  • Migration of Legacy Schemes
  • Ensuring sufficient space available on media
  • Convergence with Payment developments in NFC and Mobile EMV / SEPA
  • Payment Currency and Settlement

Abbreviations and Acronyms

3DES Triple Data Encryption Standard Wikipedia
AES Advanced Encryption Standard Wikipedia
AFIMB Agence Française de l’Information Multimodale et de la Billettique
B2B Business To Business
B2C Business To Customer
CEN TC278 WG3 SG5 European Committee for Standardization, Technical Committee Intelligent Transport Systems, Working Group Public Transport, Sub Group Interoperable Fare
Management
Chip Card see Smart Card
CNA Calypso Networks Association
CRM Customer Relationship Management
DES Data Encryption Standard Wikipedia
EBSF European Bus System of the Future
EC European Commission
EFM Electronic Fare Management
EPTO European Passenger Transport Operators (association)
ERP Enterprise Resource Planning Wikipedia
ETSI European Telecommunications Standards Institute
Europtima EURopean Open Platform for smart card Ticketing, payment and multiservices in Interoperable Mobility Applications
GP Global Platform
GSMA Groupe Speciale Mobile Association
IC Integrated Circuit Wikipedia
ICC Integrated Circuit Card, see Smart Card
ID Card Identity (Document) Card Wikipedia
IEC International Electrotechnical Commission
IFM Interoperable Fare Management
ISO International Organisation for Standardisation
ITS Intelligent Transport Systems
ITSO Government-backed, non-profit organisation which defines and develops UK-wide technical specification for Smart Ticketing
MOU Memorandum of Understanding
NDEF NFC Data Exchange Format, a NFC Forum standard
NFC Near Field Communication Wikipedia
OTI Over The Internet
OTI Open Ticketing Institute
PT Public Transport
RF Radio Frequency Wikipedia
RFID Radio Frequency Identification Wikipedia
RSA Rivest Shamir Adleman Algorithm Wikipedia
Smart Card any pocket-sized card with embedded integrated circuits (IC) Wikipedia
ST Smart Ticketing
STA Smart Ticketing Alliance
USB Universal Serial Bus
TLS Transport Layer Security Wikipedia
TSM Trusted Service Manager Wikipedia
UIC International Union of Railways (Union Internationale des Chemins de fer)
UICC Universal Integrated Circuit Card Wikipedia
UITP International Association of Public Transport (Union Internationale des Transports Publics)
VDV Association of German Transport Companies (Verband Deutscher Verkehrsunternehmer)
VDV-KA-KG new name: VDV eTicket Service GmbH & Co. KG (old name: VDV-Kernapplikations GmbH & Co. KG)

IFM Project deliverables

ifm-flyer-thumbAfter the IFM-Project finished, the consortium produced a double sided IFM Flyer with information for decision makers in different languages:

  • English Interoperable Fare Management – Downloading local applications on compatible media.
  • French Interopérabilité des Systèmes billettiques – Téléchargez des applications locales sur des supports compatibles.
  • German Interoperables Fahrgeldmanagement – Download lokaler Applikationen auf kompatible Medien.
  • Spanish Gestión de Tarifas Interoperables – Descargue aplicaciones locales en medios compatibles.

The following (professional) project Deliverables are still available:

  • D1.1 Collection of Information on Existing Trust Management Models (February 2009)
  • D1.2 Existing Trust Models and Comparison to Published Best Practice in Other Relevant Business Sectors (March 2009)
  • D1.3 Report on the follow-up workshop to explain and disseminate the agreed Common Methodology for preparing a Trust Management Model (September 2009)
  • D1.4 Report on the Common Requirements for a Secure Domain to support the Trust Management Model (March 2010)
  • D2.1 Functional survey of existing sets of privacy protection rules applicable to transport IFM applications by national institutions and regulations in different contractors European countries (March 2009)
  • D2.2 Consensus paper on privacy in transport IFM applications (December 2009)
  • D2.3 European handbook on rules and regulations for privacy protection in fare devices and back-offices (March 2010)
  • D3.1 State of the art on interoperable media and multi-application management (February 2009)
  • D3.2 Common requirements and recommendations on interoperable media and multi-application management (September 2009)
  • D3.3 Migration paths (February 2010)
  • D4.1 Inventory of functions, organisational models and economic issues of existing IFM Systems (March 2009)
  • D4.2 Report on the organisational structures and the differences of the existing IFM systems (March 2009)
  • D4.3 Report and recommendation to Cooperative Organisational Models (April 2010)
  • D5.2 Generic common architecture, interfaces and security principles Strategy Paper (June 2010)
  • D6.2 UITP IFM Forum annual report 2008 (March 2009)
  • D7.2 Road Map for the long-term development strategy – conceptual outline (September 2008)
  • D7.3 Road map for the long-term development strategy – final version (June 2010)

The original IFM Project website may still exist!