Activities

Board Meetings

The Board of the STA were elected at the General Assembly on the 15th of June 2015.

The members are:

John Verity (ITSO), Chairperson
Sjef Janssen (VDV e-Karte), Vice Chairperson
Alain Flausch (UITP), Member
Ralph Gambetta (CNA), Member
Bernard Schwob (AFIMB), Member

Board meetings 2015:
20th of January
24th of February
18th of March
15th of June
30th of September
7th of December

Board meetings 2016:
7th of February
29th of February
31st of March
13th of May
5th of July
14th of September
26th of October

STA Working Group “ARCHITECTURE” Started

After a prepatory meeting, the STA decided yesterday (4 Feb 2014) to officialy start a working group called Architecture (of Ticketing Systems). The first aim is to see if the Architecture of Ticketing Systems for Medium Access Devices can be further modularised in such a way that the different existing architectures are harmonised.

The main aim is to reduce global costs of ticketing systems over their whole life span: Initial investment, Maintenance, and Upgrades. But also to facilitate evolution, improving responsiveness to future changes in: use cases, standards, security management, fare rules, and in new technologies such as NFC mobile phones.

So far, ITSO, VDV, Calypso (Europtima) and AFIMB have different apporaches. Both ITSO and VDV have a modular system based on ISO 24014 (the full standard) which is structured to fit the Role Models as they exist in public transport. Calypso, originally not focussed on a strong back-office, has long since recognised the need to accomodate the trend of moving to back-office oriented solutions.

Calypso used the EU project Europtima to fill in that gap. Because the startingpoint for Europtima also were the Use Cases in public transport, the end result is rather similar to what we find in the UK and Germany. The same can be said for the separate work which AFIMB (France) has been performing. In addition it can be stated that Europtima went further and more into the technical details.

The challange is now to see if the four approaches can be 1) harmonised, and 2) improved. One important aspect will be the level of detail (the “granularity”) of the modules. Another aspect is the standardisation and specification of the interfaces between the (black box) modules.

Initially the work will be performed by the STA Full Members and in a later stage the industry will be involved to develop the detailed specifications of the interfaces.

Johan for the UITP STA Secretariat.

Projects

Here we will report on projects which are relevant to Smart Ticketing.

Standardisation

Here we will report on relevant existing standards and the ones that are being developed.

These Specifications cover all aspects for smartcard use.

ISO TC204-WG8 has gathered them into a technical report ISO 24014-3.

  • Radio Frequencies (RF) ISO 14443
  • Architecture: EN ISO 24014-1 (IFM)
  • Data Elements: EN 1545
  • Applications: EN 15320 (IOPTA)
  • Data Commands Global Platform
  • Operating Systems Java, Android etc
  • Filing Structures in smartcard ISO 7816
  • Security Algorithms Global Platform (i.e 3DES, AES, RSA)
  • Card Security Common Criteria

 

Certification working group

GENERAL INFORMATION

STA considers it is essential that public authorities and users can be confident in the quality of contactless communication between contactless readers and fare media. Certification is the appropriate means to give trust. The STA certification program established by STA consists of a Group of Certification Bodies (STA GCB) bringing together certification bodies authorized to certify compliance of transportation and acceptance media with the CEN technical specification TS 16794 about contactless communication. Extension of the certification scope to ohter technical fields, such as the application layer, may be decided later.

OBJECTIVE

The objective of the STA Group of Certification Bodies is to establish a common approach to conformity certification andt he technical equivalence of certification carried out by the STA Group of Certification Bodies’ members. The members will work collectively to achieve these aims but remain independent certification bodies being reponsible for their own decisions and for the control of their different certification marks. The STA Group of Certification Bodies (STA GCB) works as a platform to ease mutual recognition between the member certification bodies (and the testing laboratories for product testing) and to limit the costs of those agreements. A primary goal of the STA GCB is to ensure that the certification bodies and the associated testing laboratories operate on a common basis.

PRINCIPLES

The main principles of the STA certification program are the following:

  • a Group of Certification Bodies (GCB) gathers Certification Bodies (CB) authorized to certify compliance with CEN TS 16794;
  • Membership of GCB is open to two categories of CB:

1. a CB accredited according to ISO/IEC 17065 against CEN TS 16794 can be a member of the GCB; 2. a CB complying with a subset of ISO/IEC 17065 can be member of the GCB; it has to submit to an audit.

  • Certificates delivered by an ISO/IEC 17065 accredited CB are recognized throughout the EU.

DOCUMENTS

A set of documents gives the framework for this certification program. The Terms of Reference, prepared by the STA CWG and approved by the STA board, defines the Group of Certification Bodies (GCB) and organizes the community of STA CBs. This document indicates:

  • the conditions for memberhip for the CB;
  • the governance: Board of Management (its initial and current composition);
  • the technical structure: CWF and audit manager;
  • the CB approval process

The other documents, elaborated and approved by the CWG, are:

The laboratories associated with a CB run “round robin tests” using reference devices and media in order to check that tests realized on the same products by each laboratory lead to similar results thus ensuring consistency across the network of test labs.

Please see here the General Overview

STA workshop Thursday 27th of October 2016

New era of e- ticketing – how to handle the transition?

Organised by: The Smart Ticketing Alliance, supported by UITP
Venue: UITP Headquarters Rue Sainte-Marie 6, Brussels

■ context

The Smart Ticketing Alliance is working closely with local, national and global bodies to develop the necessary policies, specifications and trust schemes to deliver ticketing interoperability across Europe and beyond. Smart Ticketing is part of the wider process of encouraging the use of seamless mobility on public transport when making “door-to-door” journeys. Smart Ticketing is intimately linked to journey planning, payment and real-time information.

The NFC-enabled mobile phone or device provides a unique new opportunity to service the customer. The Smart Ticketing Alliance is working closely with the Mobile Networks Operators Association (GSMA), the NFC Forum and handset specification and testing bodies to ensure these devices provide an opportunity to and support public transport mobility.

Major savings in the cost of operating smart schemes are expected to come through access to open standards. The Smart Ticketing Alliance is committed to ensuring standards and specifications used are open and freely available for all operators to use.

The Smart Ticketing Alliance was founded in 2015 by the national smart ticketing schemes of UK (ITSO), Germany (VdV e-Ticket Service Gmbh), Calypso Networks Association and AFIMB (L’Agence Française pour l’Information Multimodale et la Billettique). Welcome to this one-day workshop in Brussels!

John Verity
Chair, Smart Ticketing Alliance

Programme Thursday 27th of October
STA Workshop – Brussels

09:30-10:00 Registration and Coffee

10:00 Welcome – Introduction to the Workshop
Alain Flausch General Secretary, UITP
John Verity Chair Smart Ticketing Alliance

10:20 How far apart are the current NFC standards on Smartphones and PT validators?
John Verity Chair Smart Ticketing Alliance

10:40 What will it take to make NFC on smartphones work with PT validators?
The approach of three main NFC projects in Europe.

Optimos in Germany
Cord Bartels Optimos project

Wizway in France
Louis Brosse CEO Wizway

OV-chipkaart going mobile
Stefan van Someren Innovation Architect, Translink

11:20 Discussion on open questions on NFC. Q & A
Cross border travel with NFC phones?
NFC solutions with embedded secure elements?

12:00 Lunch

13:00 Certifying ticket equipment and ticket media for interoperability
The STA has established a certification scheme based on a group of several accredited certification bodies. Learn how your equipment can be certified.

STA certification process
Bernard Schwob STA certification working group chairman

CNA-PayCert, operational certification body since July 2016
Ludovic Verecque General manager, PayCert

Certification by VDV ETS
Sjef Janssen General manager, VDV ETS

Discussion Q & A

14:30 The door-to -door approach and its technical needs
Door-to-door project CTO
David Assouline Digital Officer, SNCF

Discussion Q & A

15:00 Coffee break

15:20 Open interfaces in ticketing and information
The Shift2Rail project aims at showcasing the future solution for reservation, booking, ticketing, payment and travel information for rail and PT; the IT2Railproject is a first step relying on open interfaces.
Laurent Laudinet System & software Architect Thales TCS/RCS

Discussion on open interfaces

16:00 Conclusion – final remarks

16:20 Networking

17:00 End of the meeting

REGISTRATION BY EMAIL:
Jarl Eliassen, jarl.eliassen@uitp.org
Jopine Martin, jopine.martin@uitp.org
Should you wish to get a copy of the presentations, please send an email to jopine.martin@uitp.org
Thank you.
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The Smart Ticketing Alliance is organised as an international non-profit association. Its founding members are ITSO, VDV-ETS, CNA and AFIMB. For more information: http://www.smart-ticketing.org/