GlobalPlatform’s Value Proposition for the Public Transportation Industry Seamless, Secure Travel Throughout Multiple Transportation Networks.
This is a very extensive article about the IFM Project by Gilles de Chantérac, Consultant, Member of UITP IT&I Commission: IFM Project – A seamless travel initiative: Preliminary work
For fifteen years now electronic ticketing has been a central theme at seminars, conferences and congresses, including two specialist events held by UITP (first in Bologna, Italy then in Karlsruhe, Germany). Initial discussions focused largely on the technology and on proving that ‘contactless’ could be more robust and more reliable than ‘magnetic’.
In April 2007, UITP published its Focus Paper Everybody Local Everywhere after years of hard work by the UITP Information Technology & Innovation Commission. This document was a clear (political) position about the future development of electronic ticketing interoperability and fare management cooperation.
Naturally some of the paper is outdated, however, many of the recommendations still hold truth. The Focus Paper was instrumental in taking the following step: the EC-IFM project (2008-2010).
This focus paper provides a quick overview of electronic ticketing issues for the coming years. Key topics relate to the technological foundations of electronic ticketing and the organisation of retail agreements and integrated fare systems. For each of these issues, UITP provides the appropriate global or regional discussion platforms for public transport fare system managers to arrive at common understanding, positions and action. UITP encourages public transport fare system managers to participate in this work and to liaise with other industries, with multi-service platform issuers and with standardisation processes (ISO, etc.) to provide them with information and guidelines appropriate to the needs of public transport industry in their greater region.
Media technologies and platform applications depend on several global industries and standards. Electronic ticketing is a user of these standards and public transport has higher requirements regarding speed, privacy, reliability and security of these technologies than most other users. Modern native smart card media meet these requirements. It must be ensured that the platform media of the near future will meet them, too. UITP therefore invites public transport fare system managers to organise themselves globally so as to formulate and update their speciﬁ c requirements and to ensure that their position is known and taken into account when future standards are set.
Ticketing applications used to be proprietary technologies of commercial system integrators. Fare system managers have progressively gained control of these technologies, mainly in order to maintain the competition among system integrators and component providers. UITP encourages fare systems managers to cooperate and to jointly develop a limited number of ticketing applications, for native and for platform media, so as to share development costs, enhance competition between suppliers and, last but not least, make their ticketing systems more interoperable.
UITP acknowledges the eﬀorts undertaken in order to produce international standards (ISO, etc.) and guidelines for the administration of seamless fares. In addition to interoperable ticketing systems, the establishment of retail agreements, seamless fares, or larger integrated fare systems require the standardisation of fare system data formats and the building of common institutions or agreements for the management of security keys, fare revenue and customer relations.