Funded by the European Commission under the 7th Community Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development.
The project is funded by DG INFSO under the IST Programme: ICT for Transport.
links back to the different parts of the IFM-Project:
- introduction (this)
- vision, drivers and aims
- work packages
Drivers towards Public Transport:
- Social inclusion
- Scale economics
- support for the Green Agenda by removing barriers to modal switching
EU-IFM needs to support interoperability at three levels:
- Local Schemes
- National Schemes
- International Schemes
The main National IFM organisations have a shared vision:
- Create an EU-IFM network to provide direction, co-ordination, networking of Best Practice,
- Implementation planning of a pan-European IFM initiative
- Promote the use of multi-application smart media including NFC; and the Security and Certification of devices
- Payment mechanism no longer a barrier to travel Initial funding from European Commission
Aim is to ensure cross-border interoperability of Transport Smartcards is enabled across Europe by developing a Road Map towards a Europe-wide concept where:
- Customers use their chosen smart media (such as NFC smartphone) outside their home network
- Transport authorities have the tool-set to build new systems using standardised Specifications
- Deliver the associated Security Environment
- Charter a way through Privacy Issues
European IFM Deliverables
- Common Model for IFM across EU
- Open architecture
- Commercial framework between members
- Security Environment with a Trust Model and set of IFM Rules
- Privacy Charter
Any national IFM compliant media (contactless smart card or other) can be used in any participating sales location to “load” products available from that sales location, for use in the product’s (product owner’s) acceptance network.
- Transparency for the user
- Users can use their “media” anywhere in the environment
Routes to European IFM Interoperability
- Track 1 (Priority Lane) Interoperability through common multi-application processes and a Common Portal
- Track 2 (Long Haul) Common EU-IFM Application and Templates
EU-IFM Priority Lane Deliverables
- Greater Awareness of benefits of smartcard solutions for mobility to both Customers and Transport Operators
- Widest possible range of Media leading to cost benefits
- Access over-the-internet and over-the-air
- Transportability and Interoperability of Media between schemes
- Respect of Privacy across schemes
- Enhancement of Security and minimisation of Fraud
- Consensus on value of cooperation
- Dissemination of knowledge of how to set up a scheme
- Promotion of Best Practice to spread excellence
- Facilitation of Back Office communication … demonstrating material benefits to Customer, the Green Agenda, Mobility and Social Inclusion
EU-IFM Long Haul Vision
- Seamless accessibility to different Public Transport Networks using the same Portable Media
- Smartcards will have migrated to a Secure Element on a Portable Object (Mobile Phone, PDA, USB device etc)
- Individual IFM Transport Applications can co-reside in a multi-application environment
- An EU-IFM Transport Application usable across many Networks
- Payment processes are no longer a barrier to the use of Public Transport across EU
The NFC Offer for Transport
- NFC offers a unique opportunity to engage travellers.
- Minimum Specification and Composite Certification
- Trusted Service Provision
- Seamless links between Journey Planning, Ticket Selection and access to multiple Public Transport Networks across borders
- Co-ordination between Pilots
- Early Adoption to avoid wasteful expenditure
- Migration of Legacy Schemes
- Ensuring sufficient space available on media
- Convergence with Payment developments in NFC and Mobile EMV / SEPA
- Payment Currency and Settlement
After the IFM-Project finished, the consortium produced a double sided IFM Flyer with information for decision makers in different languages:
- English Interoperable Fare Management – Downloading local applications on compatible media.
- French Interopérabilité des Systèmes billettiques – Téléchargez des applications locales sur des supports compatibles.
- German Interoperables Fahrgeldmanagement – Download lokaler Applikationen auf kompatible Medien.
- Spanish Gestión de Tarifas Interoperables – Descargue aplicaciones locales en medios compatibles.
The following (professional) project Deliverables are still available:
- D1.1 Collection of Information on Existing Trust Management Models (February 2009)
- D1.2 Existing Trust Models and Comparison to Published Best Practice in Other Relevant Business Sectors (March 2009)
- D1.3 Report on the follow-up workshop to explain and disseminate the agreed Common Methodology for preparing a Trust Management Model (September 2009)
- D1.4 Report on the Common Requirements for a Secure Domain to support the Trust Management Model (March 2010)
- D2.1 Functional survey of existing sets of privacy protection rules applicable to transport IFM applications by national institutions and regulations in different contractors European countries (March 2009)
- D2.2 Consensus paper on privacy in transport IFM applications (December 2009)
- D2.3 European handbook on rules and regulations for privacy protection in fare devices and back-offices (March 2010)
- D3.1 State of the art on interoperable media and multi-application management (February 2009)
- D3.2 Common requirements and recommendations on interoperable media and multi-application management (September 2009)
- D3.3 Migration paths (February 2010)
- D4.1 Inventory of functions, organisational models and economic issues of existing IFM Systems (March 2009)
- D4.2 Report on the organisational structures and the differences of the existing IFM systems (March 2009)
- D4.3 Report and recommendation to Cooperative Organisational Models (April 2010)
- D5.2 Generic common architecture, interfaces and security principles Strategy Paper (June 2010)
- D6.2 UITP IFM Forum annual report 2008 (March 2009)
- D7.2 Road Map for the long-term development strategy – conceptual outline (September 2008)
- D7.3 Road map for the long-term development strategy – final version (June 2010)
The original IFM Project website may still exist!
John Verity is Chief Advisor to ITSO Limited. John sits on the ISO/CEN Standardisation committees overseeing smartcards in transport and supports both the UITP and the European Commission as an expert on Smart Ticketing. He was co-ordinator of the European funded project to develop a roadmap towards Europe-wide interoperability for Smart Ticketing. Eurotransport, Volume 11, Issue 3, 2013, page 51-52. ITSO, European Standardisation and the Smart Ticketing Alliance
John Verity outlines the aims of a new alliance which aims to make it possible to travel on all forms of public transport throughout Europe using a single specification NFC- (Near Field
Communications) enabled smartphone.
John Verity, Chief Advisor, ITSO Limited, UK, Co-ordinator, EU-IFM Project, ITSO Limited. The European IFM Project delivering smartcard ticketing across borders.
The EC-funded European Interoperable Fare Management (EU-IFM) Project is designed to make access to public transport networks more user-friendly by facilitating their accessibility through smartcards. By 2015 compatibility in smart ticketing systems will ease access to all the users of public transport. The objective of the IFM Project is to provide travellers with shared types of contact-less media throughout Europe. Whether a smartcard, and NFC-enabled mobile phone, or a USB-dongle, it can be used for multiple transport products (“tickets”) in different geographic areas and for sustainable modal switching, such as the use of “Park and Ride”. Today, most media are restricted for use in specific networks. Payment will no longer be a barrier to travel.
This is a very extensive article about the IFM Project by Gilles de Chantérac, Consultant, Member of UITP IT&I Commission: IFM Project – A seamless travel initiative: Preliminary work
For fifteen years now electronic ticketing has been a central theme at seminars, conferences and congresses, including two specialist events held by UITP (first in Bologna, Italy then in Karlsruhe, Germany). Initial discussions focused largely on the technology and on proving that ‘contactless’ could be more robust and more reliable than ‘magnetic’.